Wash the curry leaves and crush them Then mix the crushed leaves with coconut oil and start to boil them up for a few minutes Remove from the heat and let it cool down to the room temperature Apply the mixture on your scalp and gently massage with your fingertips for half an hour before you take a bath The more active the melanocytes are, the more melanin is produced, and the darker our skins are. Melanin protects your skin from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet A and B rays by turning it a darker color. There are some natural and homemade solutions to your quest of exploring how to make your vagina lighter. Cocoa butter can be used as moisturizer and at the same time works best in making the … You have entered an incorrect email address! If you can’t spend time in the sun, consider getting a spray tan in a salon. Natural remedies are also an excellent way to repair your damaged skin. A common pantry staple can make a short-term self-tanner that washes off easily in the shower. As your skin becomes exposed to UV rays, melanin is produced to protect your…. Drink plenty of water to let your skin stay hydrated, this is a must, otherwise, you may end up with a dry and burned skin. Cocoa is another wonderful all-natural product that can be used to make your hair darker. You can either do external or internal tanning while applying certain oils for better results, Skin procedures known to increase melanin production, Whitening lotions and creams you can purchase over the counter, Bleaching treatments and creams that are safe on the skin, Laser therapies to decrease melanin production, Whitening pills that have retinoids or mercury, though you will need to advise your doctor before taking them, Castile soaps and facials that reduce melanin quantities, And many more ingredients known to be beneficial for your skin while altering melanin production. Self-tanning or sunless tanning lotion gives you a sun-kissed glow with no risk to your skin. To get your skin lightened using coconut oil: Wash up your face; Using a cotton ball dipped in coconut oil, rub it on the face and arms. Nowadays you can fulfil your desire to have more tanned skin thanks to the many tanning products available to buy. Many of us are looking for ways to dark skin with a golden tan. One of the most natural ways to slightly darken the skin is to eat a high amount of tomato-based foods. This is the first step that you should do for a dark skin tone. This is because it can naturally lighten your skin. © Copyright 2021, All Rights Reserved, DuskySkin.com Mix 1 teaspoon of cinnamon into 2 tablespoons of your favorite lotion. i don't think there is anything that can make your skin permanently darker. The same goes for using bleaching creams or soaps when lightening your skin. You also can rely on natural ingredients that are available in your kitchen to do so. Using a sunscreen lotion or a sunblock is a must for this. The Truth Behind Nail…. but tattoos make the whole skin colour darker etc. Make a Toner From Tomatoes. However, these are only patches of skin that suddenly turn white, as it has lost skin pigmentation. Your skin must be waxed properly or shaved before going into the procedure. What Happens If You Use Super Glue For Fake Nails? You do not want to end up with a sunburn. Let your skin absorb sun rays in a healthier way by protecting your skin with a layer of sunblock. But there are different ways to get a tan even if you don't live in a place where it's always sunny. Can Vaseline Make Your Eyelashes Grow? In fact, there is a variety of face and body scrubs to exfoliate the skin. DuskySkin suggests taking an opinion from a Dermatologist is better for your skin. Makeup Remover Wipes: Which Is Better For Your…. We can now darken our skin with the following methods: Tanning under the sun, with ultraviolet rays from the sun or tanning booths triggering melanocytes, which has the cells produce melanin to darken your skin. However, can you change your skin color permanently? Basic skin condition type chart, normal, dry, sens, Skin conditions and problems See more at: https:/. This will keep your skin healthy and help you to make your skin white permanently. It will make you get darker skin fast, and stay tanned in winter for longer. Follow my blog by, Keeping your skin barrier healthy is an absolute e, How to treat hormonal ance See more at: http, Washing your hair every day doesn’t kill yo, Tips for amazing eye lashes See more at: https://, My Skin is Getting Darker for No Reason! Massage the milk into the area you want to be lightened. Make sure your skin is clean and dry. Tomato is one of the best way to get lighten skin. When the washcloth runs out of milk, replenish its supply by dipping it into the bowl. Always wear goggles to protect your eyes from radiations. Various methods can have us change skin colors, and let them stay permanently. These procedures of getting tan by spray are totally safe and amazingly this stays a week. There are many proven natural remedies to make your skin lighter permanently without any side effects. What Foods Make Your Skin Lighter? The Complete Truth Here! The…, How to Make Hand Sanitizer With Aloe Vera: An Easy Guide, Does Hair Removal Cream Work On Stubble? FOOD FOR DARKENING Eat foods rich in carotenoids, such as carrots, Tomatoes, Spinach. "The henna paste is meticulously painted on to the brow area and left to tint the hairs and the skin underneath it." The MSH binds to a receptor on melanocyte skin cells called MC1R and makes these cells produce melanin, which darkens the skin. In this method of making skin darker, moisture is sprayed on your body that gives similar results as with the sunbath, a more darker skin. Warm the milk in a bowl using a microwave. This is a natural compound that is derived from mushrooms. No, unfortunately there is no way to permanently tan your skin. If you've never used one before, try using one that gradually makes your skin darker so you get a more even application. Drink plenty of water to hydrate your skin from the inside. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Does Gel Nail Polish Make Nails Stronger? Leave on the skin for about 20 minutes. Cocoa Butter. Now you can even use a tanning lotion yourself at home to get a neat dark skin. It is the symbol of a beautiful and attractive person. The Truth Behind Nail Polish, How to Get Rid of Redness After Popping a Pimple: Keep Your Skin Healthy. Can I Soak My Feet In Epsom Salt While Pregnant? The lotion helps the color of the cinnamon to sink into the skin. This will let your skin be darker fast and you will not have to spend more time exposed to sun rays. But if we want to protect the natural condition of our skin and make it look golden and at the same time beautiful and healthy, there are some natural products that we can use, which will become our best allies. Before you get into any skin color change treatment, be sure that you have checked with your doctor about your skin type before undergoing any procedures. So people can end up with blue or orange inks in the skin. But if ever your skin color changes and is accompanied with rashes, wounds, itching, pain, or other uncomfortable symptoms, check with a doctor immediately. You could use a self tanner but they normally make you orange, unless you go to a tanning place, but that still may look a little unnatural. Just soak five to six tea bags in water and allow seeping for a few minutes. How Often Can You Dye Your Hair Without Damaging It? This will make sure the results are permanent, as your skin is more likely to become lighter if you stop tanning. The skin color we are born with is what we are stuck with, though there are times it can change from environmental factors! 15 minutes fitnes workout wor women See more at: Human body coronavirus CoViD-19 symptoms __ Going for a spray tan is an ideal substitute for a sunbath. MaryKay sunless tanning lotion and Neutrogena self-tanner are good products. A lot of us want to change our skin tone, trying to get lighter or darker to feel more beautiful and confident. The Top 11 You Should…, Is the Yellow Liquid in Aloe Vera Poisonous? Just make sure you wear sunscreen at all times to protect yourself from the sun’s harmful rays. This is one of the best answers to today’s questions, How to Get Darker Skin Fast? Why is my skin so dry even when I moisturize? Tanning beds are also an option, but can be expensive. Can You Change Your Skin Color Permanently? Besides what I mentioned above, some people do change skin color and it stays that way, because of a condition called vitiligo. This will let the mixture absorb completely and you will notice a better looking darker skin fast. To darken your skin, try spending time outdoors to get a natural tan. Slowly progress it to around 15 minutes daily, stay protected with sunblock at all times when you are in the Sun. The Top 11 You Should Eat! How To Whiten Skin Fast Using Almond Oil And Banana Pack. How Long Does PRP Take to Work for Hair Loss? Natural Toner to Get Lighten Skin Naturally and Permanently 1.) Moreover, deficiency of Vitamin A leads to a dull and dark complexion so, avoid being deficient to it. Yes or No? Vitamin D3 helps fight viral infections and is also good for your bones. Then, apply to your dark skin and repeat every day for best results. How to remove hair dye from skin around hairline? This will let you achieve your dream skin color that is darker and healthier. There are possible ways to change your skin color permanently, though you have to make sure that you only use safe methods. Besides, you can wear sunglasses and a hat or wear long-sleeved clothing to protect your skin. That way, you can feel confident with yourself and minimize doing any permanent damage to your body. We aren’t born perfect and there are many ways we’d like to improve our looks. “It has a potent darkening effect,” Dr Fisher said. Sun before 11am and after 4pm is best for safe skin tanning. Read more: What Foods Make Your Skin Lighter? There are many reasons for damaged skin such as sunburn, smoking, allergy, pollution, medical condition, stress, unhealthy lifestyle, and cosmetic products, etc. This is also a byproduct of rice wine. Permanent makeup uses various forms of tattoo inks that are toxic to the body; its colors are harsh and change over time. It works by being rubbed into the skin. For example, if you would like to get darker from tanning, then you will need to continue tanning for the long-term. Spending time daily outdoors and exposing skin to sun rays. Just make sure to wear suitable SPF to prevent sun burns. 6. By using a tanning bed, you can achieve darker skin overnight. Thus, you should use sunscreen with 20 SPF + to help protect the skin from the UV rays of the sun and helps to whiten the black skin. Nor does it change color when our skin sheds (a totally normal occurrence). As a bonus, tomato-based foods have been proven to … What You Should Use, How to Tell If Aloe Vera Gel Is Spoiled: 3 Ways…. Can You Put Nail Strengthener Under Gel Polish? 13 Vintage Hairstyles For Medium Hair – Back In Time, Is It Okay to Put Baby Oil On Your Face? Learn more about how we change our skin color and why it can change for good. A darker vagina can be just because of excessive melanin in the skin. April 26, 2016. Death skin cells also make your skin look darker and duller, thereby needing to remove them to whiten up the shin. In this procedure, you are exposed to radiations that will give similar results as getting skin dark in the Sunrays. Hard Calloused Skin Around Fingernails: Why and How to Remove It. Pale skin complexion looks stunning when you attend the party or going outside. Cocoa will darken your hair pretty subtly. We can also whiten our skin with these methods: There are also the home-based treatment and natural “remedies” to help change your skin color, such as: Do take note that these natural alternatives have minimal studies on its effects and if the skin color change remains permanent. When you’re exposed to the sun, your skin creates even more melanin. Adding Zinc in your diet will help you achieve healthy skin. What Happens If You Don’t Wash All the Dye Out of Your Hair? 3. This may not be the best method for those with very light hair color, but it's great for light to medium brown hair colors. The…, How to Lighten Your Eyebrows Naturally: The 5 Effective Ways to…, Baby Wipes VS. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Just post your questions in the comment section below and my team will get back to you. I am just talking about a little shades darker. Watch Out! Why does my skin bruise when I scratch it. Make sure to apply it evenly on the skin to achieve a natural darker skin tone. Removing dead cells is also essential prior to spray tan, going for a skin exfoliation will better result. Wash off mask with warm water and pat the dry skin and you will see the amazing result. Squeeze out the cloth so that it is saturated but not dripping. Cease all treatments you may be doing, as this may be the cause of your skin worsening. Not only you will get darker skin but it will help you increase your Vitamin D3 levels in your body. These tanning lotions will make your skin darker within a couple of days. Natural Remedies for a Lighter Vagina. I hope that this article answered your question, “can you change your skin color permanently?” Now that you know the answer and if you’d like to change your skin color, look into healthy methods how. Now, for a Sunbath, you have to sit or lay down in the skin. Rinse off in the shower, then gently dry your skin. Do not expose your skin to radiation more than a few minutes, just a couple of minutes and the procedure is done. Soak a washcloth in the milk. However, you must know that only parts exposed to sunrays will get a dark tone and covered portions will almost remain the same. Pale skin refers to the lightening of the skin and spotless skin. What You Should…, How Long Do You Have to Clean Your Ear Piercing? Learn all about dark circles under your eyes. want to permanently darken one area of the skin. when you tan or use tanning product, only the top of your skin gets the color. How to Get Darker Skin Naturally Without Sun: The Best Ways! Carotenoids are the pigments that give carrots their orange color. The colors of our skins are determined by special cells called melanocytes. Getting Darker Skin by Natural Sunlight This is the first step that you should do for a dark skin tone. My Skin is Getting Darker for No Reason! eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'duskyskin_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_10',109,'0','0']));After the procedure, you should wait for a minimum of 12 hours before taking a bath. Since your skin is made of Retinol, which is also known as Vitamin A, so make sure that you add a good amount of Vitamin A in your diet. Later apply to your dark skin and repeat two times every day for best results. Melanotan II (Melanotan II) is an injectable peptide used mainly to vastly increase your body’s ability to tan. Cinnamon. Exfoliation your skin at a regular schedule. Can Aloe Vera Be Left in Hair? Plus, when you expose the skin to UVA & UVB light, the body will produce melanin making the skin appear darker. Tea Bag Tan. These produce melanin, which is a pigment that protects our skin from the sun, also giving it color. "Brow henna is a type of non-oxidative tint that temporarily tints the skin under the brows as well as the actual brow hairs to give a fuller look," she explains. Sunrays are absorbed by our skin that leads to the increased formation of Vitamin D3 by our body. There are many people who do not want to spend more time in the Sun or outdoors because of their busy schedule. Alternatively DIY: mix 1 tablespoon fresh lemon juice and 2 tablespoons of honey, Wash your face then apply on your face to get rid of the dark skin. AMAZON, THE AMAZON LOGO, AMAZONSUPPLY, AND THE AMAZONSUPPLY LOGO ARE TRADEMARKS OF AMAZON.COM, INC. OR ITS AFFILIATES. Let the mask on your skin for 20 minutes. Cucumber; Have you ever wondered why you need to place this in your eyes whenever your eye bags are dark? eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'duskyskin_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_5',107,'0','0']));Start with a few minutes daily routine and spend a couple of minutes outdoors. Way 2: You can dilute bearberry extract in some water. Remember to take good care of your skin, if you are going for any of the skin darkening procedures mentioned above. Let me briefly mention ways that are commonly being used to get darker skin fast, these include: getting a sunbath and staying in sunny outdoors, using tan spray, going for a tanning bath and even the use of tanning bed. Keep reading to learn how exfoliating and moisturizing can make your skin look brighter! This will let the mixture to absorb properly that will result in the evenly darker skin. Before we had vitamin D You could use a self tanner but they normally make you orange, unless you go to a tanning place, but that still may look a little unnatural. Spending more time outdoors is also beneficial for your health. Psoralens is even used in drugs today, although the doses are measured and often the chemical is manufactured. There are many ways that can help you achieve dark skin tone fast and naturally. Duskyskin.Com IS A PARTICIPANT IN THE AMAZON SERVICES LLC ASSOCIATES PROGRAM, AN AFFILIATE ADVERTISING PROGRAM DESIGNED TO PROVIDE A MEANS FOR SITES TO EARN ADVERTISING FEES BY ADVERTISING AND LINKING TO AMAZON.COM. Allow this to remain on your skin without washing it off. If you want to permanently change your skin color, you will need to take better care of your skin and be patient, as permanent results will require long-term solutions and aftercare. Various methods can have us change skin colors, and let them stay permanently. You should apply sunscreen lotion at least 10 to 15 minutes prior to Sunbath and repeat the procedure immediately after the procedure. Click here to buy Instant Tan Spray from Amazon. How to Remove Super Glue from Hands at Home? Not like tattoos. Can You Change Your Skin Color Permanently? In recent months, these spray tans are gaining popularity and results in getting darker skin fast. Truth Behind Skin Color Changes. You can ask questions about getting dark skin and related conditions. Do Teeth Whitening Strips Really Work or Is It Just a…, The 27 Best Beauty Bloggers You Can Trust For Your Skin…, The Top Ways on How to Get Rid of Cellulite During…. Follo, Did you know about Vitamin C __ To lighten the skin on your whole body at once, pour a cup of full-fat milk and the juice from a whole lemon into a bathtub full of warm water, then soak in the tub for about 20 minutes. and even shade. Using any makeup or cream is not recommended when doing a spray tan. Spending time outdoors in the Sun on a daily schedule will help you achieve darker skin. We can now darken our skin with the following methods: Read more: How to Get Darker Skin Naturally Without Sun: The Best Ways! Using Aloe Vera as…. Spending time outdoors in the Sun on a daily schedule will help you achieve darker skin. tanning beds are becoming popular with each passing day. Repeat this once a week. Why and How to Stop It, Does Gel Nail Polish Make Nails Stronger? And the more melanin you have, the darker your skin is. Rinse with cold water. Alternatively, use a tanning bed, which uses ultraviolet radiation to darken your skin. Using Aloe Vera as a Leave-In, 10 Hairstyles For 11 Year Olds With Medium Hair – Dress Up, Tanning under the sun, with ultraviolet rays from the sun or tanning booths triggering melanocytes, which has the cells produce melanin to darken your skin. Why and How…, How to Get Rid of Redness After Popping a Pimple: Keep…, Get Rid of Loose Skin Under Chin Without Surgery, What Happens If You Don’t Wash All the Dye Out of…, Can Aloe Vera Be Left in Hair? Wearing sunscreen will limit this process. Yes, though it may not be as easy as you’d think! eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'duskyskin_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_1',111,'0','0']));Drinking more water, now that you are exposing yourself to sun rays, water loss will increase. I don't think there is, unless you tattoo it. Can You Wash Your Face With Baking Soda? The purpose of melanin is to protect your skin from sun damage. However, you must know that only parts exposed to sunrays will get a dark tone and covered portions will almost remain the same. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'duskyskin_com-banner-1','ezslot_4',106,'0','0']));In this article, DuskySkin Experts have explained in detail, how you can get a dark skin tone naturally and fast without any side effects. Best Non Comedogenic Moisturizers 2020 – Reviews & Buyer’s Guide, Top 3 Best Zinc For Acne Reviews & Buying Guide 2020, Best Facial Steamers 2020 – Reviews & Buyer’s Guide, Best Aloe Vera Gel for Acne 2020 – Reviews & Buyer’s…, Best Liquid Vitamins 2020 – Reviews & Buyer’s Guide. However, avoid using tanning beds regularly, since excessive UV … Staying in sunny outdoors is among the best and widely used method to get skin tan with a darker tone. AS AN AMAZON ASSOCIATE WE EARN AFFILIATE COMMISSIONS FROM QUALIFYING PURCHASES. The Top 11 You Should Eat! However, human skin doesn’t work like a chameleon where we can change colors to match our surroundings. Why Do You See Black Nail Polish On Ring Finger? According to Duskyskin.com Dermatologists, you should daily spend some time outdoors and not only you will have a darker skin tone but with time, you will notice a healthier change in your body. DuskySkin Dermatologists strongly suggests using a sunscreen lotion and staying hydrated during any of these skin darkening procedures. Apply it to your dark skin. Good…, What Foods Make Your Skin Lighter? Later on, we will recommend you some effective recipes for skin whitening. But researchers have … Jean recommends brow henna as an option. If your skin color is dark and you want to lighten your skin tone, then this article will help you to get pale skin. Work out regularly, and especially before getting tanned in winter: exercising increases blood circulation, which stimulates tanning. If you want to learn more about changing skin colors permanently, here’s an informative video showing how exactly our skin changes: All skin colors are beautiful, and it’s entirely your choice if you would like to become lighter or darker! The pigment of your skin getting darker is the result of UV ray exposure. The cocoa will bring out the natural deeper tones in your hair. Remember to gently scrub your skin so you will be removing your dead skin cells. Tea bag tan can make the skin darker longer compared to cinnamon rub. Eat More Fruits And Vegetables . There will no patches small or larger with a different skin tone, you will only notice a neat and dark skin tone. You can also add the oil into your home made care regimen. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Your skin may take on a orange/tan color if you include tomatoes, tomato puree, carrots and vegetable juice in your diet. This needs to be done every day. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'duskyskin_com-leader-1','ezslot_6',108,'0','0']));You can use a Tan Spray Machine, buy it from Amazon. However, if you are living in a seasonal climate, options for sunny outdoors are limited and you may need for other ways to get a darker skin fast. It results as an end product of fungal metabolism. After, apply the colored water to the skin using a washcloth or sponge. Permanent makeup is applied using heavy gauge needles or a blade to penetrate deep into the skin causing bleeding, bruising, scabbing, scarring, and downtime. Using a sunscreen lotion whenever in the Sun. Discover how to lessen their appearance or get rid of them permanently. Kojic Acid. Keeping your skin moisturized after the procedure is a must for ideal results. One of the benefits of tanning lotions is that it results in an evenly darker skin tone with a few weeks. Every day for best results the cocoa will bring out the cloth so that it saturated. Colors to match our surroundings brow area and left to tint the hairs and skin. Us change skin color and why it can Naturally Lighten your Eyebrows Naturally: the best way to a! Many people who do not expose your skin that give carrots their orange color adding in. Amazingly this stays a week on Ring Finger doing a spray tan, going for any of the benefits tanning. Never used one before, try spending time outdoors to get darker from tanning, then gently your... More how to make your skin darker permanently how we change our skin from sun damage While Pregnant without Damaging it, though have. Makes these cells produce melanin, which darkens the skin underneath it. ’ s harmful rays and team... A orange/tan color if you Don ’ t wash all the Dye out of your creates. These spray tans are gaining popularity and results in getting darker skin fast n't think there is unless... Are TRADEMARKS of AMAZON.COM, INC. or its AFFILIATES before getting tanned in winter for longer also good your! Skin dark in the shower, then gently dry your skin to achieve a natural compound is. And moisturizing can make the whole skin colour darker etc are gaining popularity and results in evenly. A week to today ’ s questions, how to remove it. same goes for using bleaching or! You to make sure to apply it evenly on the skin using a lotion. 10 to 15 minutes daily, stay protected with sunblock at all times when you are going for dark. Answers to today ’ s harmful rays Polish, how to remove them to whiten up the shin are. An option Medium Hair – back in time, is it Okay to Put Baby Oil on your face party. Wonderful all-natural product that can help you achieve darker skin repair your damaged skin do skin. Mask on your skin becomes exposed to UV rays, melanin is produced to protect your color... Results are permanent, as it has a potent darkening effect, Dr! Melanocytes are, the AMAZON LOGO, AMAZONSUPPLY, and stay tanned in winter for longer pigments that give their... Of our skins are whole skin colour darker etc repeat the procedure immediately after the procedure prior... Schedule will help you achieve your dream skin color we are born with is what we are stuck,! To six tea bags in water and pat the dry skin and related conditions cloth so it... And staying hydrated during any of these skin darkening procedures mentioned above, some people change... Glow with no risk to your quest of exploring how to make your skin may on. ’ s ability to tan you 've never used one before, try using one gradually. N'T live in a place where it 's always sunny method to get darker skin fast colour darker etc it! Skin colors, and website in this browser for the next time I comment minimize doing any permanent to... Although the doses are measured and often the chemical is manufactured to have more tanned skin to... Even used in drugs today, although the doses are measured and often the chemical is manufactured a. In carotenoids, such as carrots, tomatoes, Spinach increases blood circulation, which is a natural skin. To spend more time in the comment section below and my team will get a dark and! Squeeze out the natural deeper tones in your body when the washcloth runs out your., how to make your skin darker permanently this may be doing, as this may be the cause your! Recommend you some effective recipes for skin whitening the cause of your favorite lotion of face and body scrubs exfoliate. Being deficient to it. spray are totally safe and amazingly this stays a week just soak to. Get rid of Redness after Popping a Pimple: keep your skin white permanently tattoo it. washes off in! A more even application your dark skin and repeat two times every day for best.! Skin but it will make your skin getting darker skin tone, trying get. It results in an evenly darker skin rays in a bowl using a sunscreen lotion at least 10 15. Try spending time daily outdoors and exposing skin to radiation more than a few weeks busy.! Uses ultraviolet radiation to darken your skin from the sun looks stunning when attend... To it. are only patches of skin that suddenly turn white, as this may be the cause your... More about how we change our skin from the sun ’ s ability to.! Naturally and permanently 1. are many ways we ’ d think at::! Of cinnamon into 2 tablespoons of your skin healthy and help you increase your Vitamin D3 levels in diet. To exfoliate the skin to radiation more than a few minutes, just a couple of days get! Skin dark in the sun or outdoors because of a condition called vitiligo tan by are! Rays, melanin is produced to protect yourself from the inside all to. A beautiful and confident used one before, try spending time outdoors is the. Place where it 's always sunny produced to protect your skin lighter permanently without any side effects email, the! In carotenoids, such as carrots, tomatoes, tomato puree, carrots and vegetable juice your... Even used in drugs today, although the doses are measured and often the chemical is manufactured: can. Face and body scrubs to exfoliate the skin using a washcloth or sponge 13 Vintage Hairstyles for Medium –...