As for the list of questions to discuss proposed by the letter of the three patriarchs, they did not, it seems, deign to take it into consideration, since the Ecumenical Patriarch’s letter does not mention it, surely so that the three patriarchs would not have the audacity to believe that they also have the right to govern the ensemble of the Holy Churches of God or even to be concerned with it! Moscow (AsiaNews) – After the historic meeting in Cuba between Pope Francis and Moscow Patriarch Kirill, “an anti-ecumenical movement is developing” within the Russian Orthodox Church… At the end of the European war, precisely after the armistice, Turkey, allied with the defeated Central Powers, was itself likewise defeated. The other question where the papal tendencies of the Ecumenical Patriarchate have been manifest in an obvious way has been, as we have said, that of the convocation of an ecumenical council or a great local council. [2] In his study on the “Rights and Privileges of the Ecumenical Patriarch,” (Ekklesiastikos Pharos vol. If, after the armistice, in Constantinople and Asia Minor, we had not been more chauvinistic than our compatriots from Greece, if we had kept an ever so slightly feigned neutrality, surely after the victory of the Turks, after our disastrous defeat in Asia Minor, the Patriarchate would not have lost its privileges and the populations would not have been exchanged, and even if some misunderstandings had taken place during the war between Greece and Turkey, they would have gone away with time. Barnum’s widow married in NY Greek church, The death of Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople, 1821, Michael Anagnos, “who made the sightless see”, Patriarch Nikon’s Reforms and the Spoon Controversy, How US Slavery Undermined Protestant Missionaries in 1860 Beirut. Paparrigopoulos, History, vol. This is what we have seen to a certain degree in Russia. Metropolitan Kirill III, who occupied the throne for 30 years, spent almost all of his time in the lands of Vladimir-Suzdal Rus' and visited Kyiv only twice, although earlier he had come from Galicia and had been … Thus we were persecuted and our race was threatened with extermination in 1821, during our nation’s uprising in favor of liberty. Thus we see Canon 3 of the Second Ecumenical Council giving the bishop of Constantinople “primacy of honor after the bishop of Rome, because it is the new Rome.” After this canon, on account of the fact that the bishop of Constantinople, because of his frequent relations with the high political authorities of the empire, was considered an important and influential figure and that it was natural that all the bishops and all the people who needed the power of the state came to him, the bishop of Constantinople, apart from his ecclesiastical territory, started to intervene by necessity in the ecclesiastical affairs of other eparchies, metropoles and even exarchates. The country’s commerce, industry and shipping were in our hands. First of all, they did not think to answer until three months had passed; second, they did not agree with the decision of the three patriarchs to convoke the council during the year because they did not see the necessity to rush the convocation because they decided to gather the council the next year, the anniversary of the convocation of the Ecumenical Council of Nicaea, as the pan-Orthodox convention had fixed it. But if, God forbid, it happens that Turkey exists in the future, what will be the situation of the Greek element with the Turks, after so many provocations on your part?”. Asia Minor, starting with Smyrna, had only just been occupied by the Greeks when the bishops and main figures of the place started to agitate the Greek element against the Turkish element with inopportune protests. The speed with which the foolish and mean-spirited chauvinism of the Patriarchate and the grandees of the nation was manifested, completely unnecessarily, their hatred and scorn towards Turkey had reached the point that when it came time to elect a patriarch of Constantinople, they elected him on the basis of statutes that were completely different from those that were recognized for the election of the patriarch, statutes that the Turkish government had neither seen nor approved, and they did not announce the election, even as a courtesy, to the government in order to have it recognize it. ", notes Kuraev. Even through they did not see the necessity at the Ecumenical Patriarchate to convoke the ecumenical council that year, they nevertheless, it is said, appointed a commission charged with determining the questions to discuss at the council the next year. Today, it is no different from a parish church of Constantinople, with its council, offices, and rooms for the priests who are found within it. Would it not be completely unreasonable to claim a papal primacy in the Church and inconsiderately disdain every opinion coming from the three eastern patriarchates? Thus was the case in the quarrel between Pope Nicholas of Rome and the Patriarch Photius; the latter, in an encyclical, denounced the pope to the three other patriarchs. In his 20-month tenure as Ecumenical Patriarch, Meletios called a “Pan-Orthodox Congress,” introduced the New Calendar, established a bunch of new autocephalous and autonomous churches, took control over the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, and promulgated a new interpretation of Canon 28 of Chalcedon: the “barbarian lands” theory, according to which all territories not part of another Orthodox Church belong to the Ecumenical Patriarchate. If, for the communities of America, Europe and Australia, there was no protest against their occupation because they are located outside the boundaries of all the autocephalous Orthodox churches, and if there has not been any complaint until today, at least for the communities of eastern and southern Africa, the Patriarchate of Alexandria, into whose jurisdiction the Ecumenical Patriarchate has crept, makes its protest heard. As the eparchies granted to the Ecumenical Patriarchate no longer exist, as a result of events, the three patriarchs and all the autocephalous churches recognize the need for it to extend its jurisdiction into the churches of the diaspora which are found outside the jurisdiction of the other autocephalous churches, willingly conceding to it these churches of the diaspora in a spirit of fraternal affection and gratitude for the generousness that the Ecumenical Patriarchate has shown toward them in ancient times; the patriarchates also willingly grant that of Constantinople the “primacy of honor” given to it by the canons. There was the same joint action on the part of the four patriarchs during the Council of Florence. The visit is expected to take place in August and will be timed to coincide with the Independence Day of Ukraine. The Russian Orthodox Church says it has effectively cut diplomatic relations with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, which has authority over some 300 million Orthodox Christians For these reasons, although certainly despite himself and following his incurable blindness, Meletios contributed more than anyone else, by his activity in Asia Minor, to the victory of the Turks. All rights reserved. In general, everywhere and always, every time that the Ecumenical Patriarch entered into relations with one of the other patriarchs or with all of them at once, the relations were cordial, full of esteem, mutual respect and fraternal solidarity. 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