The manger was a sign. The letters in these cultures typically included three elements: an opening salutation, which included the sender’s name, the addressee, and a greeting; the body of the letter in which the main topics were stated and elaborated; and the closing, which included additional greetings and final wishes. This teaching is so odd and so decidedly unsciptural that it might be considered amazing that any would ever listen to it, unfortunately however, many who are not well grounded in the Word of God do listen to it! A name in the gospel, or a good report in the churches, is better than worldly honour. No! (John 2:11 RSV) Three factors call for our attention in that verse: First, John says that the miracle was a sign, i.e., it was an acted parable. 3 John 1:3-6 For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou walkest in the truth… Colossians 1:4-6 Since we … 2 The same was in the beginning with God. Again, as in 2 John, the author refers to himself as the elder. When we pray for ourselves and others, we pray in confidence, but we do not presume to claim that God promises to send everything for which we pray. Paul’s thanksgiving in Colossians, for example, begins, “We always thank God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, when we pray for you” (Col. 1:3). But Acts 2:3-4 reveals that fire can be associated with the baptism by the Holy Spirit. The addressee’s name, Gaius, was a very common one in the Roman Empire and it is highly unlikely that the person addressed here is the same Gaius associated with Paul (Rom 16:23; 1 Cor. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers. His name means "nourished by Jupiter". When we come to the next verse, we do not have to wonder what Jesus meant by having life 'more abundantly' since He had already explained it in the previous verse! 1 The elder, To my dear friend Gaius, whom I love in the truth. John Wick: Chapter 2 will expand the universe of The Continental and introduce The Marker in order to tell a second story featuring the assassin. 2:14 I have written to you, children, that you have known the Father. Apart from the love of God, the world stands under God’s condemnation. Notice I John 2:18: "Little children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that the Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come, by which we know that it is the last hour." If we translate anew or again, the logical order is preserved, the nature of the birth being described in John 3:5. Personal letters existed to convey information that was personal to the writer, and those letters were filled with specific references that applied to the writer and the recipient. Author: 1, 2, and 3 John have from earliest times been attributed to the apostle John, who also wrote the Gospel of John. And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them. 1:1). A Christian Perspective, Bespoke Religiosity and the Rise of the Nones: a review of Strange Rites: New Religions for a Godless World by Tara Isabella Burton. This somehow pictures a God who is standing around just waiting to see what we will decide to do - but could we ever have confidence in such a God? The truth is, this message is little different to one which we use all the time today, 'I trust that this letter finds you well.'. The angel gave it: And when they wanted wine — It is probable that, in consequence of its being known that Jesus would be present at this feast, a greater resort of company came than was expected, and that this occasioned a failure of the wine. But this is entirely incorrect and - in both cases - the same Greek word is being used (eudow). It contains the famous stories of the miracle of Jesus turning water into wine and Jesus expelling the money changers from the Temple. "...to suffer for His sake." The result is that, except for the epistle to the Romans (which is really a theological treatise), the New Testament Epistles are generally not systematic discussions of a theological or moral topic. (3) John’s salutation to his readers. The English name John is the transliteration of the Greek name Ioannes, and the Greek name Ioannes is the transliteration of the Hebrew name Johanan.The Hebrew name Johanan was quite popular in ancient Israel, and the Greek name John, or rather Ioannes, subsequently shows up quite a few times in the New Testament (132 times, to be precise; see full concordance). John 2:4.His complete reply is, τί ἐμοὶ καὶ σοί, γύναι; οὔπω ἥκει ἡ ὥρα μου.γύναι is a term of respect, not equivalent to our “woman”. John is expressing a wish for the complete well-being of his friend. Let us think about the salutations in the letters and e-mail messages that we ourselves send and receive. Greet those who love us in the faith. Perhaps John the Baptist’s further testimony was transposed here to give meaning to “water” in Jn 3:5. 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. To say that first-century pagans used the same formula in their epistolary salutations does not mean that the sentiment that John expresses is not inspired or is anything less than Christian; but some Bible interpreters have a way of implying that they have unlocked a secret and very special message that ordinary Christians have overlooked. AND WHAT ISN'T IT? (2) Beloved. These words of thanksgiving remind us of what we possess in Christ, but they are not a command to behave in a certain way, nor do they state a promise. —St. John 3:3(ISV) Verse Thoughts It was to the great religious teacher that Jesus spoke these life changing words- unless a man is born from above he cannot see the kingdom of God. Continue in the good work (3 John verses 5-8) v5 My dear friend, you are so loyal in the work that … It could meanthat the person was old. Jesus is depicted asJn 4:2. Likewise, they have what we would call the body of the letter, and they end with a conventional closing: “All who are with me send greetings to you. 2:14 I have written to you, children, that you have known the Father. Each localchurch had its leaders who were the ‘elders’. 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. John’s affection is founded on the high merits of Caius as a Christian. 760 Verse Thoughts. The sheep enter and leave by a gate or a door. (Luke 2:11) To believe this and bear witness, they would need a sign. A specimen passage of paraenesis is this: “Put on then, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, compassion, kindness, humility, meekness, and patience” (Col. 3:12). This article first appeared in the Practical Hermeneutics column of the Christian Research Journal, volume 28, number 1 (2005). It might be said to be a reference to the 'kingdom of God' which certainly, in a sense, starts to have relevance for Christians in this life, but any notion that Jesus is explicitly referring to financial prosperity here is, frankly, laughable. Demetrius. Jesus is the creator of all things that exist (1:3). Irenaeus in Adversus Haereses 3.16.8 (written c. 180), quotes 2 John 7 and 8, and in the next sentence 1 John 4:1, 2, but does not distinguish between 1 and 2 John; he does not quote from 3 John. 3 John, like 2 John, is written in the standard epistolary format. How to Have a Civil Discussion about Abortion, Why Do I Call Myself Good? 3 John 2 New International Version Update 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. Yet the New Testament quite clearly promises us trials and hardships in order to equip us with what we need for the kingdom of God! * [3:22–26] Jesus’ ministry in Judea is only loosely connected with Jn 2:13–3:21; cf. John hopes that his friend’s external circumstances might match his spiritual health, which according to the very next verse is good, and something that others had reported to John earlier: “For I rejoiced greatly when the brothers came and testified to your truth, as indeed you are walking in the truth” (3John3). Here is how Paul finishes his sentence, here is the other vital thing 'granted to us,' Purpose of Writing: John’s purpose in writing this third epistle is threefold. One is that it construes the statement “even as” in a cause and effect way: spiritual prosperity will produce financial prosperity. Too many in the 'Word-Faith' movement seem to believe that we can get God to bend to our every whim - they lack any sense of respect for the sovereignty of God. It sounds as if Gaius, to whom John addressed this little letter, was a dearly beloved disciple of the Lord Jesus. Why should God want to turn us into 'spiritual spoiled brats' when even human parents quickly learn the folly of spoiling children? "Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers" (3 John 2). I often begin an e-mail with the statement, “I hope that this communiqué finds you doing well.” If I find that too understated for a given recipient, I might write, “I hope that this finds you and yours flourishing in every way.” Are these promises? Jesus is the only means of salvation and is the way to the Father (John 14:6; Acts 4:12). 2. 3 John 1:2, ESV: "Beloved, I pray that all may go well with you and that you may be in good health, as it goes well with your soul." For further information or to subscribe to the Christian Research Journal go to: http://www.equip.org, “Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth” (3 John 2 KJV).1, In an article entitled “How to Prosper from the Inside Out,” Kenneth Copeland asks, “How does God prosper His people?” The answer, he says, is in 3 John 2: God “blesses you materially as your soul prospers on His Word.” Copeland asserts that most Christians believe that God will make them prosper “as the economy prospers or even as [their] employers decide to promote [them].” This is wrong, he says; instead, “as the seeds of prosperity are planted in your mind, in your will and in your emotions…they eventually produce a great financial harvest.”2, Gloria Copeland interprets the verse in a similar way. 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. Abhor what is evil; hold fast to what is good” (Rom.12:9). The interpretation of the parable is given to us by Jesus Himself in John 10:7-16. John 3:16 says, “For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.” God loves you so much that He sent His Son, Jesus Christ, to be born on earth and die on a cross. Dr. John W. Tweeddale is academic dean and professor of theology at Reformation Bible College. 4:1). 3 It gave me great joy when some believers came and testified about your faithfulness to the truth, telling how you continue to walk in it. John 14:2 says in the King James Version, “In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you.I go to prepare a place for you.” In the NASB it says, “ In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I … 3. “I pray that in all things thou mayst prosper.” 8:17; Phil. 4 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth. 8:17; Phil. The Apostle John begins with the purpose of writing this letter by stating, “I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. After all, what's not to admire about cityscapes and farmlands, fine cuisine and backyard barbecues, classical symphonies and folk ballads, Renaissance paintings and kindergarten squiggles? This is where Jesus said, "...I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly.". (2 a.) Is the Incarnation Logically Incoherent ? AND WHAT ISN'T IT. God refused to heal him of his 'thorn in the flesh' because His (God's) grace was sufficient for him, moreover, such grace (Paul was told) is made 'perfect in weakness'! CAN OUR 'POSITIVE CONFESSION' FORCE GOD TO CHANGE COURSE? 3 John 2-4 New International Version (NIV). The angel of the Lord said something to the shepherds that was almost too good to be true. 2 John’s role in the Bible In addition to this one, John is commonly credited with writing two other New Testament letters, a Gospel , and possibly the prophetic book of Revelation . 1 John 2:3-6 Knowing we know Him ... 3 John 1:2(NASB) Picture courtesy of Good News Productions International and College Press Publishing. Interpreting the wish or prayer of 3 John 2 as a promise of “health and wealth” is not in line with what we know about salutations in epistles or, for that matter, with the general tenor of New Testament teaching that a mark of true spirituality is suffering (e.g., Rom. 6:18). John 1:3: “All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being.” I’ve already pointed out that if everything that has come The New Testament Epistles are a modification of letter writing conventions of the Greek and Roman cultures of the New Testament era. The angel of the Lord said something to the shepherds that was almost too good to be true. If we put the components of John’s well-wishes together, they add up to a picture of complete or total well-being. The Third Epistle of John, often referred to as Third John and written 3 John or III John, is the third-to-last book of the New Testament and the Christian Bible as a whole, and attributed to John the Evangelist, traditionally thought to be the author of the Gospel of John and the other two epistles of John. Read full chapter 3 John 2 … Grace, mercy, and peace will be with you from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. But in Christ, believers experience God’s surprising, redeeming, and never-ending love. The manger was a sign. A Look at Virtue Signaling. Purpose of Writing: John’s purpose in writing this third epistle is threefold. 1:29; 1 Pet. Date of Writing: The Book of 3 John would most likely have been written at about the same time as John’s other letters, 1 and 2 John, between A.D. 85-95. They were intended to be taken seriously as directives that applied generally to a number of people. And frequently this is exactly how it is quoted, being lifted entirely out of its context! UK APOLOGETICS. 4 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth. He is not stating a general promise for all Christians. But the writer was an *elder overall the churches in a large area.Much of this letter is like John’s first letter. One might carefully read Hebrews 12: 1-11 !! John is not saying we might not sin but “if” or “when” we do sin, Jesus is our advocate, being the “propitiation for our sins” or meeting the satisfaction of the Father’s wrath against our sins. I wish above all things (περὶ πάντων εὔχομαι ) Wrong. We can note two things in this interpretation of 3 John 2. Jn 1:19–36. This individual is well-known to the author of 3 John, but it is not so certain whether they had met in person before or not, since the report of Gaius’ conduct toward the brothers is heard second-hand by the author. Compare the plural, 1 John 3:2, 1 John 3:21; 1 John 4:1, 1 John 4:7, 1 John 4:11. They, too, have an opening greeting: “Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace” (1 Thess. John 1:2 Context 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. It’s the support of friends like you that enables CRI to to post new articles on subjects of interest and continue our weekly podcast. Diotrephes. The phrase is used in John 17:15 as a reference to Satan, and that is also its meaning here and in each of the four remaining occurrences in 1 John (2:14, 3:12, 5:18 and 19). These people seem to hijack the biblical understanding of faith (which is always tied in with the will and sovereignty of God) turning it into something which requires God to give us whatever we want, if we will only be bold and brazen enough to ask for it! 3 John 1:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 3 John 1:2, NIV: "Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well." CHAPTER 3 John 3:1-21.NIGHT INTERVIEW OF NICODEMUS WITH JESUS. The Social Dilemma and What it Means for Christians, The Historical Uniqueness of Jesus Christ Among the Founders of the World’s Major Religions, Do I Drink Virtuously? 4 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth. Read more Share Copy Show footnotes A service of Faithlife / Logos Bible Software. 2 Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth. Gloria Copeland, “Build Your Financial Foundation,” Kenneth Copeland Ministries, http://www.kcm.org/studycenter/finances/pdf/foundation.pdf. The other is that this interpretation implies that the wish that the writer of the epistle expresses has the force of a promise from God. Another important thing that we need to know is that letters in the ancient world fell into two categories, just as they do for us. 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. 1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins For the sins of us who now believe, and are Jews: and not for ours only; but for the sins of Old Testament saints, and of those who shall hereafter believe in Christ, and of the Gentiles ALL ABOUT FAITH; WHAT IS IT? 3 For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou walkest in the truth. It could mean that the people respected him as amature man. t is indeed lamentable that this typical farewell message from the apostle John to Gaius the Elder has been picked up and distorted by so many during the last few years. Unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. This biblically-unwarranted claim is now usually called 'positive confession.' John 3:16 is not about the greatness of the world but about the greatness of God. following, 2. a cross, 3. denying—occur here in 21:15-19 as in 13:36-38.” William Hendriksen, Exposition of the Gospel The writer is instead responding to the questions or topics that have been directed to him. Jesus is always before the Father praying for those who have put their faith in … And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to … The length of both 2 and 3 John is governed by the size of a single sheet of papyrus (reed paper) which would have measured about 25 by 20 centimeters. They imply that we can have whatever we want, if we will only be bold enough to ask for it, but, just a moment, who is in charge? Gentiles understood the "word" to mean a person's mind, reason, or seat of wisdom. These lists of virtues and vices, and of commands regarding what to do and avoid, are straightforward directives: “Let love be genuine. We might be tempted to think that there is much about the world for God to love. John 3:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] John 3:2, NIV: "He came to Jesus at night and said, 'Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God.For no one could perform the signs you are doing if God were not with him.'" 3 It gave me great joy when some believers came and testified about your faithfulness to the truth, telling how you continue to walk in it. We need to approach this verse and the common “prosperity” interpretation that the Copelands offer in light of the literary form (or genre) of 3 John, which is epistle. Epistolary Salutations. More specifically, the Greek word, eudoo (eudow), means 'to succeed in reaching' or 'to succeed in affairs, including business ones' but the word is not specifically concerned with prosperity. Grace, mercy, and peace: John presents a slightly expanded version of the standard greeting in New Testament letters. In fact, sometimes the recipients of my letters share with me the difficulties through which they are currently passing. At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. John 7:8, where He for the moment refuses what He soon after does; and John 12:23, John 17:1, which confirm the meaning here given to ‘hour.’ Bengel's Gnomen John 2:4 . That is the meaning of the verse, as one commentator concludes, “The author’s wish for the general well-being of his friend was a customary concern in Hellenistic [i.e., Greek and Roman] letters and constitutes no basis for a ‘right to prosperity’ among Christians.”4. 3 John 2-4 New International Version (NIV) 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. (Luke 2:11) To believe this and Finally, the New Testament Epistles are what literary people call occasional pieces. 3. It is slightly shorter than 2 John (219 Greek words compared to 245 for 2 John), and is the shortest book of the Greek New Testament. 2002, With regard to the 'positive confession' and prosperity teaching, you may also wish to read the following articles, A statement in the doctrinal body of an epistle has the status of authoritative truth. We should note in this regard that “prosperity” teachers attach an undue weight to the syntax that happens to appear in the English translation of 3 John 2. The salutation, thanksgiving, and closing, however, are phrased in a different kind of rhetoric. Some of those who uphold the 'prosperity gospel' say that God wants us all to be healthy and wealthy and we are denying ourselves these things by not 'claiming the promises in faith,' they also seem to imply that words themselves have some sort of magical properties to them, so that if we will only boldly say we will have this or have that, we can have those things! John 3:3 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]John 3:3, NIV: "Jesus replied, 'Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again. What Does 3 John 1:2 Mean? The phrase “just as” or “even as,” then, has the force of a coordinate link, not a cause and effect link. Thomas F. Johnson, 1, 2, and 3 John (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1993), 167. 'Prosper' here in the Greek simply means something like 'to go well with you.' 1:29; 1 Pet. Commentary on 3 John 1:13,14 (Read 3 John 1:13,14) Here is the character of Demetrius. 3-john 1:3 For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou walkest in the truth. (Philippians 1: 29). In short, an epistolary salutation is just that—a salutation in which one of the conventional niceties is for the sender to express a desire for the well-being of the recipient. that is fine, but there is no suggestion of financial well-being in the Greek. He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. Thank you for your help. John 19:26, John 20:13, Luke 13:12.In the Greek tragedians it is constantly used in This sense of περί is contrary to New Testament usage. I Kenneth Copeland, “How to Prosper from the Inside Out,” Kenneth Copeland Ministries, http://www.kcm.org/studycenter/finances/pdf/prosper_inside_out.pdf. Grace be with you all” (Titus 3:15). It consists of a prayer for spiritual welfare, as well as a remembrance or commendation of the spiritual riches of the recipient. In reverse order the same three ideas—1. Beloved, now are we the sons of God By adoption, secretly in God's predestination, and in the covenant of grace; and openly in regeneration, through faith in Christ, and by the testimony of the Spirit: and it doth not yet appear what we shall be; Translators capitalize "the Word" because John so strongly associates Jesus with God's message here it becomes a personification of Jesus, who is both fully God and fully human—God in the flesh (Matthew 1:23; Romans 8:3; Philippians 2:5–11). Understanding the New Testament Epistles. 1 The elder, ()To my dear friend Gaius, whom I love in the truth. This means that they were written in response to specific occasions in the life and times of the writer and his recipients. 3 John 2; What is the Meaning? While even some very basic research will show that 3 John 2 really cannot be abused in that way, prosperity adherents will often turn to John 10:10 to back up their point. Prosperity teachers claim the word is all about prosperity which reveals their lack of knowledge of New Testament Greek. 2. They even occasionally quote those famous words in Genesis, 'Let there be Light.' Official letters were public in content and tone. The Muratorian Canon seems to refer to two letters of John only, [42] though it is possible to interpret it as referring to three. Others have said that the John 10 reference is to 'the life of eternity.' Interpreting the wish or prayer of 3 John 2 as a promise of “health and wealth” is not in line with what we know about salutations in epistles or, for that matter, with the general tenor of New Testament teaching that a mark of true spirituality is suffering (e.g., Rom. I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth. She writes, “God’s plan is for us to grow financially as we grow spiritually.” The reason: God “knows it is dangerous to put great wealth into the hands of someone who is too spiritually immature to handle it.” She, too, interprets John’s wish as a divine promise: “God wants us to increase financially at the same rate we increase spiritually.”3. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.". The New Testament Epistles have these same ingredients. I am writing to you, fathers, because you know Him who has been from the beginning. 3 It gave me great joy when some believers came and testified about your faithfulness to the truth, telling how you continue to walk in it. 1 John 2:1-2 Christ our Advocate. Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper, &c.] Or succeed in all temporal affairs, in … But, let us close by considering what Paul told the Philippians. Greeks and Romans, too, wished prosperity and good health to the recipients of their letters. Here it means that the writer is a leader in the church. 'But also to be healthy and wealthy??' He played an essential role in creation (John 1:1–3), and His sacrifice became the atonement for our sins (John 3:16). Second, following the body or doctrinal section of a New Testament Epistle, we typically find a section of moral commands that goes by the Greek word paraenesis, which means “exhortations.” This section might contain groupings of proverbs, lists of vices and virtues, catalogs of commands about what to avoid and what to practice, or exhortations about a single moral topic. In season 3, the wolves are back and even more loaded with meaning. Second, we might note that John is claiming to be expressing a wish or prayer (nearly all English translations read “I pray,” although a handful, such as the King James Version, read “I wish”). 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